The third ceiling mural in the courtroom. Ohio is depicted in the center panel and is symbolized by Mercury, messenger of the gods in Greek and Roman mythology. He leads a stallion, symbolizing the Ohio Company of Associates, which founded Marietta and opened Ohio and the entire Northwest Territory for settlement. On the left is a female figure seated by a sheaf of grain and holding a lamp. Seated in front of her is an American Indian with his hand on a plow. The cherub in the upper right — a tribute to the Ohio Company settlers — represents references in the Northwest Ordinance to public education and religious institutions. At the lower right is a woman with grain.